Macbeth와 여성의 정체성

Macbeth와 여성의 정체성
Macbeth, 여성, 정체성
Issue Date
인하대학교 교육연구소
Series/Report no.
인하교육연구제3권181-208 pp.
William Shakespeare's Macbeth is assessed in terms of the concept of women's identity.
Lady Macbeth, the leading woman character of the play, is compared with Lady Macduff, who appears only once in a short scene.
Lady Macbeth is regarded as a formidable, ambitious woman, a conspirator of the murder of Duncan, the King of Scotland. During her very first appearance, she was lulled into believing herself as her husband's "dearest partner of greatness." In her o ver exertion to perform her role as a devoted wife, she identifies herself with her husband's apparent characteristics such as extreme cruelty by unsexing her womanhood. In the later part of the play, she was left alone exhausted, and finally committing suicide.
While Lady Macbeth's major concern is to help and encourage her husband to reach his goal, Lady Macduff dares to criticize her husband's value system, unwilling to accept his power of reasoning. she perceives her husband's flight not only as an irresponsible behavior but also a irrational one regardless of his ultimate goal, since his flight endangers wife and children. Lady Macduff is a strong woman of independent mind and of sound moral Principles. She is put into a sharp contrast to Lady Macbeth, who has no concept of her own identity as an individual. In a word, Lady Macduff illustrates those qualities that highlight Lady Macbeth's deficiencies.
It is implied that women as well as men must have the concept of sound self identity in order to sustain one's intact personality under extremely stressful circumstances. In a patriarchal society where a devoted wife is required to be subservient and obedient, it would e very difficult for a wife to perceiver herself as an independent individual besides her functional role.
Shakespeare demonstrates that women like lady Macduff could be intelligent, capable, and wise and still remain female, and ha also shows that it is unlikely for a wife to be an equal partner of her husband as long as she lives under the authority of man
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연구기관 > 교육연구소 > 인하교육연구(교육문화연구)
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