Perception and Policy in Inter-Korean Relations

Title
Perception and Policy in Inter-Korean Relations
Authors
KIM, TAEHYUN
Issue Date
2010-01-21
Series/Report no.
Pacific FocusVol.14-1 (Spring 1999)
Abstract
A public opinion survey of 1,500 South Koreans is analyzed in order to test a set of hypotheses drawn from the theory of images of foreign policy analysis applied to inter-Korean relations. It is argued that the image of North Korea held by South Koreans ranges along the dimension of “enemy”-“brother” distinction and the image shapes their attitudes to major policy issues related to the North. It is hypothesized that first, the image of North Korea directly shapes South Koreans’ attitudes to major policy issues according to the belief structure that is associated with each of the images. That is, the image of North Korea as an enemy leads people to support policy measures designed to “contain” Pyongyang according to the logic of deterrence. The image of North Korea as a brother nation, on the other, lead people to support policy measures designed to “engage” Pyongyang according to the logic of nationalism. The second hypothesis is that images also indirectly shape people’s policy attitudes through their impact on the process of information. They help people selectively process information that are consistent with their image and belief structure. Third hypothesis is that the images of North Korea help people identify neighboring countries. In particular, the image of North Korea as an enemy leads people to identify other countries along the dimension of enemy and ally, and shape their attitudes to those countries. The empirical analysis strongly supports the hypotheses and suggests an ample room for further research.
URI
http://dspace.inha.ac.kr/handle/10505/470
ISSN
1225-4657
Appears in Collections:
연구기관 > 대학부설 연구소 > 국제관계연구소 > Journal Papers(국제관계연구소_학술논문)
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