Changes of musculoskeletal deformity in severely disabled children using the custom molded fitting chair

Title
Changes of musculoskeletal deformity in severely disabled children using the custom molded fitting chair
Authors
김명옥
Keywords
Orthotic devices, Musculoskeletal system, Disabilities, Disabled children
Issue Date
2013
Publisher
Annals of rehabilitation medicine
Series/Report no.
Annals of rehabilitation medicine ; Vol.37 no.1 Startpage 33 Endpage 40
Abstract
Objective To know the effectiveness of a custom molded fitting chair between pre- and post-chair status through comparison of musculoskeletal indices in severely disabled children. Methods We researched 34 severely disabled patients who had used a custom molded fitting chair continuously for more than a year. There were 27 cerebral palsy patients and 7 patients with other kinds of diseases that affect the brain such as chromosomal disease or metabolic disease. By radiographic studies, Cobb's angle, the femoral neck-shaft angle of the femur, and Reimers migration percentage were measured. The indices are analyzed before and after application. Results The average period of application was 24 months. There was a significant reduction in the angles of femur neck-shaft, 163.4 degree before and 158.2 degree after the use of the chair (p<0.05), and 23 of 34 had demonstrated a reduced angle. Cobb's angle and Reimers migration percentage increased but the difference of pre- and postchair status was not statistically significant. Seventeen of 33 children showed reduced Cobb's angle. Also, 19 of 37 showed a reduced degree of dislocation of the hip joints. Conclusion In spite of the use of a custom molded fitting chair, a significant improvement did not emerge for musculoskeletal deformity indices in severely disabled children. However, there was no significant aggravation of Cobb's angle or Reimers migration percentage in developing children. Therefore, it is thought be helpful to prevent rapid aggravation of musculoskeletal deformities.
URI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5535/arm.2013.37.1.33
http://dspace.inha.ac.kr/handle/10505/32757
ISSN
2234-0645
Appears in Collections:
Medical School/College of Medicine (의학전문대학원/의과대학) > Medical Science (의학) > Journal Papers, Reports(의학 논문, 보고서)

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