A Multimethod Multitrait Validity Assessment of Self-Construal in Japan, Korea, and the United States.

Title
A Multimethod Multitrait Validity Assessment of Self-Construal in Japan, Korea, and the United States.
Other Titles
A Multimethod Multitrait Validity Assessment of Self-Construal in Japan, Korea, and the United States
Authors
박정의
Issue Date
2014-08-27
Abstract
A large number of previous studies have used self-construal to predict communication out-comes. Recent evidence, however, suggests that validity problems may exist in self-construal measurement. The current study conducted a multimethod multitrait (Campbell & Fiske, 1959) validation study of self-construal measures with data (total N = 578) collected in Korea (N = 200), Japan (N = 222), and the U.S. (N = 166). The data showed that the Singelis (1994) Self-Construal Scale, the Cross, Bacon, and Morris (2000) Relational Interdependent Self-Construal Scale (RISC), and the Kuhn and McPartland (1954) Twenty Statements Test (TST) lacked convergent and discriminant validity, both pan-culturally and within each of the three countries included in the study. Scores on the TST were not significantly related to scores on the self-construal scales, and the various self-construal measures correlated more highly with measures of communication directness than with alternative measures of the same type of self-construal. Substantial method effects were also observed. The results were tested for both 2- and 3-dimensional models of self-construal and for refined scales and scales with all items retained. The results of all analyses were inconsistent with the claim that self-construal measures are construct valid. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Reaxys Database Information |
URI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/hcr/31.1.33
http://dspace.inha.ac.kr/handle/10505/30420
ISSN
0360-3989
Appears in Collections:
College of Social Science (사회과학대학) > Communication and Information (언론정보학) > Local Access Journal Papers, Reports(언론정보학 논문, 보고서)

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