Evidence for cyclooxygenase-2 association with caveolin-3 in primary cultured rat chondrocytes

Title
Evidence for cyclooxygenase-2 association with caveolin-3 in primary cultured rat chondrocytes
Authors
Kwak, J.O.; Lee, W.K.; Kim , H.W.; Jung, S.M.; Oh , K.J.; Jung , S.Y.; Huh, Y.H.; Cha , S.H.
Keywords
chondrocytes, cyclooxygenase 2, caveolins
Issue Date
2006-02
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the cellular localization of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and caveolin-3 (Cav-3) in primarily cultured rat chondrocytes. In normal rat chondrocytes, we observed relatively high levels of Cav-3 and a very low level of COX-2 mRNA and protein. Upon treating the chondrocytes with 5 mu M of CdCl2 (Cd) for 6 hr, the expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein were increased with the decreased Cav-3 mRNA and protein expressions. The detergent insoluble caveolae-rich membranous fractions that were isolated from the rat chondrocytes and treated with Cd contained the both proteins of both COX-2 and Cav-3 in a same fraction. The immuno-precipitation experiments showed complex formation between the COX-2 and Cav-3 in the rat chondrocytes. Purified COX-2 with glutathione S-transferase-fused COX-2 also showed complex formation with Cav-3. Confocal and electron microscopy also demonstrated the co-localization of COX-2 and Cav-3 in the plasma membrane. The results from our current study show that COX-2 and Cav-3 are co-localized in the caveolae of the plasma membrane, and they form a protein-protein complex. The co-localization of COX-2 with Cav-3 in the caveolae suggests that the caveolins might play an important role for regulating the function of COX-2.
URI
http://dspace.inha.ac.kr/handle/10505/20103
ISSN
1011-8934
Appears in Collections:
Medical School/College of Medicine (의학전문대학원/의과대학) > Medical Science (의학) > Journal Papers, Reports(의학 논문, 보고서)
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