Optimizing the Transportation of Container Cargoes in Korea Considering Environmental Costs/

Optimizing the Transportation of Container Cargoes in Korea Considering Environmental Costs/
external cost (environmental costs)
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Transportation has two sides like a coin. First, it is an indispensable element for a national economy. The evolution of transport has given much benefit to it. It must be one of the principal factors in nation?s economic and social development. In this context, Korea has been focused on the transport policy and developed many strategies for the powerful logistics country. However, transport also causes many problems. And its benefits come along environmental damage, accidents-injuries and death-, congestion, noise, and energy dependence. And nowadays the one of the most concern about world problems is environment pollution. Transport makes impact to not only global environment but people directly and indirectly. In other words, transport is also recognized as a problem sector for the numerous impacts on health and the environment. Therefore, this study is concerned with how to lower the rate of road transportation for export and import container cargoes in Korea. In particular, higher rate of road transportation causes externals costs. This should be considered in dealing with modal split issues. This study is also aims to measure and estimate the external costs. This study describes a methodology for estimating and calculating external costs of air pollution, clim
I.Introduction 1 1.1.Research background 1 1.2.Objectives and scope of the study 4 1.3.Organization of the study 6 II.Literature review 8 III.Methodology 13 3.1.Estimating and analyzing the transport external cost (Part I) 13 3.1.1. AIR POLLUTION 15 3.1.2. CLIMATE CHANGE 16 3.1.3. NOISE 17 3.1.4. ACCIDENT 18 3.1.5. CONGESTION 19 3.2.Results of the transport external cost (Part I) 21 3.2.1. Truck 21 3.2.2. Rail 25 3.2.3. SSS (Short Sea Shipping) 28 3.3.Comparison of External Costs by Transport Mode and Summary 30 3.4.Optimizing the transportation (Part II) 31 3.4.1. Problem Description 31 3.4.2. Notations 32 3.4.3. Linear programming model 35 3.4.4. Emission volume of each pollutant type 38 IV.Results of Analysis 42 4.1.The optimal results under current situation 43 4.2.The optimal results by scenario 47 4.2.1. The case of open shipping line between ports 47 4.2.2. Considering environmental cost - Air pollution 49 V. Conclusions 55 Reference 57 <Appendix I> 60 <Appendix II> 63
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Asia Pacific School of Logistics(물류전문대학) > Graduate School of Logistics (물류전문대학원) > Theses(물류전문대학원 석박사 학위논문)
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