Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity of 12-month tobacco dependence among ever-smokers in South Korea, during 1984-2001

Title
Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity of 12-month tobacco dependence among ever-smokers in South Korea, during 1984-2001
Authors
Jeon, H.J.; Hahm, B.J.; Lee, H.W.; Hong, J.P.; Bae, J.N.; Park, J.I.; Kim, J.K.; Bae, A.; Park, J.H.; Chung, E.K.; Shin, J.H.; Choi, Y.S.; Chung, I.W.; Lee, H.J.; Cho, M.J.
Keywords
tobacco use disorder, prevalence, comorbidity
Issue Date
2008-04
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Abstract
The rate of dependence among ever-users of a drug indicates the risk of developing dependence once an individual has been exposed to the drug. This is the first study to investigate 12-month tobacco dependence (TD) among ever-smokers in a community-based population. Analyses were based on two national studies of representative samples aged 18-64 in 1984 (n=5,025) and in 2001 (n=6,275), conducted with household visits and face-to-face interviews. The rates of 12-month TD among ever-smokers in men showed no significant difference between 51.6% in 1984 and 50.6% in 2001. On the contrary, the rates in women significantly increased from 33.3% in 1984 to 52.8% in 2001. After adjusting for the sociodemographic variables, 'male gender' was significantly associated with 12-month TD among ever-smokers in 1984, but not in 2001. 'Unmarried' was significantly associated in 2001 but not in 1984. 'Alcohol dependence' was the only psychiatric disorder associated with 12-month TD in both study years. In conclusion, 12-month TD was found in about 50% of ever-smokers, and gender differences between the rates of 12-month TD which was observed in 1984 disappeared in 2001. Individuals with 12-month TD showed higher comorbidity with alcohol dependence than ever-smokers without TD.
URI
http://dspace.inha.ac.kr/handle/10505/1883
ISSN
1011-8934
Appears in Collections:
Medical School/College of Medicine (의학전문대학원/의과대학) > Medical Science (의학) > Journal Papers, Reports(의학 논문, 보고서)
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