Orientia tsutsugamushi causes scrub typhus, which is endemic in many countries in the Asia-Pacific region including Korea. Recent emergence of doxycycline-resistant strains from Thailand has underlined the importance of the susceptibility tests of O.tsutsugamushi to antibiotics. To improve the flow cytometric technique for the susceptibility test, we applied a monoclonal antibody (MAb) in the quantification of O. tsutsugamushi. With using MAb FS15, we determined the doxycycline susceptibility of two strains, Boryong and AFSC-4 strain which is reported to be doxycycline-sensitive and resistant, respectively. The growth of both strains was inhibited to below 10% of the control in the presence of 0.1 mu g/mL or higher concentrations of doxycycline. We suggest that our approach is more quantitative and reproducible than the conventional microscopic methods.